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Home > Uncategorized > Is Water Really the New Gold?

Is Water Really the New Gold?

July 21st, 2010

I have heard many people touting water as the next ‘new thing’ for value creation in the investment world. In many parts of the world water scarcity is a reality and large water utility rate increases are likely in coming years. The question for us is “Will these stocks perform well on a predictable basis?”

Water companies are a low-Beta group as they are classified as utilities and are government regulated in terms of ROI. They face mandated costs in infrastructure upkeep and safety measures while needing to apply to regulators for rate increases. Most of these stocks pay decent current yields and their shares tend to attract a ‘sticky’ shareholder base of local customers who are looking for income.

                        water-tap-with                           water-at-your-service-image                           

The positives: 

Steady customer usage that is not very economically sensitive.

                        Monopoly status in most service areas.

                        Reasonable returns on total capital.

 

The negatives:

Limited growth potential.

                        Heavy projected infrastructure spending needs.

                        Potential legislative push-back on future rate increases as prices escalate.

                        Relatively heavy debt loads with refinancing risks if credit stays tight.

 

Here are the numbers from some of the major players in the Water industry:

Company

Price

2010 P/E

2011 P/E

Yield

5-yr EPS growth/yr.

52-wk range

American Water-AWK

21.09

15.1x

13.7x

3.98%

NMF*

18.70 –

23.7

Amer. States Water-AWR

34.40

16.9x

15.8x

3.02%

8.5%

31.20 – 39.61

Aqua America- WTR

19.24

21.9x

20.0x

3.01%

5.5%

15.39 – 19.56

Calif. Water- CWT

35.80

17.9x

15.8x

3.32%

6.5%

33.81 – 40.65

Conn. Water Serv.-CTWS

21.97

20.3x

19.3x

4.14%

-0.5%

20.00 – 26.44

Middlesex Water-MSEX

16.35

18.0x

17.8x

4.40%

3.5%

14.15 – 18.70

York Water- YORW

14.12

21.1x

19.1x

3.61%

5.5%

12.83 – 17.95

* AWK came public in early 2008    —–     all data as of 1PM EST 7/21/2010

Historical growth in EPS has been quite moderate while the P/Es are not cheap. None of the stocks listed have shown gains from their price points from years ago. In my view the projected shortages and rate increases will ultimately happen but only after these companies are forced to absorb enormous costs to maintain and upgrade antiquated pipelines and treatment centers.

I also see political risk as low income customers cry poverty in response to increased water bills. Just as President Obama has lashed out at drug companies for gouging patients I think local legislators will be attacking these profit making providers of essential services. Margins are likely to suffer rather than expand.

I see much better opportunities elsewhere and would avoid this group unless share prices go substantially lower on a valuation basis.

 

Dr. Paul Price

  1. July 22nd, 2010 at 13:11 | #1

    It’s an interesting perspective, though as one of those beating the water drum, I’ve been focused on the “heavy infrastructure spending” portion of the equation - areas like low flow fixtures, backflow control, filtration, etc. - while there may be political risk at the utility level, I find it hard to beleive that the government would try and tell a valve company what they can charge for their valves.

  2. TShad
    July 22nd, 2010 at 13:23 | #2

    Good points in your article.
    Some water ETFs: Claymore S&P Global Water Index ETF-CGW, Water Resources Portfolio - PHO, Global Water Portfolio - PIO, First Trust ISE Water Index Fund -FIW

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